Published on 7 Mar 2013
Chief Black Hawk, Utah’s famous Ute Indian leader, for just seven months led counter attacks against Mormon intrusion and domination, and three years campaigning for a peaceful end to the war. Brigham Young’s Black Hawk War in Utah was not a single event, there were some 150 bloody confrontations between Mormon settlers and North American Indian peoples over a 21 year period.
The ancient and vibrant culture of Native Ute’s numbered in the tens of thousands, at minimum 50,000 or more. For over a hundred years the Ute’s had long before established a business of trade in horses, tanned leather, furs, silver, and crafts, that reached from the Columbia River to the Gulf of Mexico. Their prowess as a powerful nation spanned centuries of time.
Brigham Young declared Utah was the place, and Mormon settlers by the tens of thousands arrived in the territory during…
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